Paths to Literacy

for students who are blind or visually impaired

English Language Learners

A young girl examines a tactile book with text in English and Spanish.
Posted by Conchita Hernandez
Statistics on English Language Learners in the United States About 11% of our general education students are English Language Learners (ELL) or bilingual.  TVIs generally do not feel competent in working with this population....

Braille books with QR codes
Posted by Samantha Richardson
I got a new student who is a 4-year-old pre-braille reader. He is homebound right now due to the pandemic and his parents asked for some activities that they can do with him.  They are non-English speaking, so I add QR codes to braille books so...

Heba and her TVI
Posted by Renee Ellis
I was recently asked to add a challenging student to my caseload. What started out as one of the most difficult teaching situations of my career, turned out to be one of the most fun and rewarding I have ever had.  While every student has unique needs...

A student reads a braille passage during the Braille Challenge.
Posted by Scott Baltisberger
In a nation with a large immigrant population, issues regarding bilingual education for learners with visual impairment arise on a regular basis. As children from Latin American backgrounds continue to comprise the majority of students with limited English...

Posted by paula.conroy
    These strategies for improving instruction of students who are English Language Learners (ELL) is a follow-up to Typical Language Development and Second Language Acquisition  . It is important to familiarize oneself...