Paths to Literacy

for students who are blind or visually impaired

Perspective Shift

A teenage boy prepares backstageAbout 3 years ago I found myself in the middle of what I thought was a routine Multidisciplinary Evaluation Team meeting for a high school student who also happened to be present at the table.  After a discussion of Eligibility categories and well into our review of past Evaluations, he interrupted- “Hey I have I question you guys. What is Autism?” The silence was profound.  Luckily the student was flexible and allowed me to defer the definition to the next day’s speech/language therapy session in his classroom.

It was a bit daunting trying to plan out the concepts I wanted this student to get out of a topic as broad as Autism.  Of course this was not the first time I had something completely backwards.  He was about to teach me all the concepts I needed to know about Autism. Our discussion yielded the following important information: My student thought everyone had Autism, telling him he had Autism was like telling him he had a freckle on his face, and because of the way he processed auditory information he kept using the word “Awesome” in place of Autism.  He wrote the following original work on his BrailleNote:



By Frank John Tallabas


I heard the word Autism in a meeting.

I asked, “What is Autism?”

Not everybody has Autism.
I have Autism. 
I am awesome.
I will always have Autism.  That is okay.  Because I am awesome. 

Autism means I do work.  I like to have a schedule for work.  I really like counting in work.  I really like to know what time it is so I know when to start and when to finish work.

Autism means I do Braille.  I learned Braille when I was younger.  It was easy for me to learn Braille because I liked to memorize all the letters and contractions. 

Autism means I do radio reports.  I love to hear sound effects and my own voice.  I like writing about my favorite topics like Blind Olympics, Sun Tran, and Sun Van.  I write about the topics in the same way every time. 

Autism means I have skills.  I work on conversations, orientation and mobility, cutting, writing, math, computer, and victor reader.  And of course the BrailleNote. I learned the skills because I am good at them. 

Because I am awesome. 


As we embark on a new school year, we reunite with students who have had a variety of summer experiences, who possess a spectrum of skills, and who may have a changing physiological status by the second. They also have something that is really, really important: A unique idea of what the world means to them. This is often very different from what we think the world should mean to them.  Unless I start every interaction finding out what that perspective is, I am going to be teaching students who are autistic, deafblind, visually impaired and/or intellectually disabled (at least my definition of those categories anyway).  My job will be really hard actually. I will probably be burned out by November.

As an educator I have been charged with observing students with intention. In doing so I get a lot of information about my student’s understanding of the people, objects, and activities around them.  Frank John just so happened to use sentences of output on a BrailleNote to give me this information.  He had a really important point: Knowing about autism did not change what he already knew about himself.  

I challenge you all to find out what your students already know about themselves, even if they do not give it to you via BrailleNote.  Carefully interpret every subtle gesture, head turn, vocalization, comment, conversation, stick drawing, mouthing of an object, spinning ritual, arm tug, giggle, grunt, and leg kick. You will soon discover what AWESOME students we have the absolute privilege of teaching, and our job will be the opposite of hard. If you haven’t heard of the Special Education Eligibility Category of “Awesome,” just ask your kids. If your kids are pre-linguistic, please re-read this paragraph.

I sincerely hope you have the best year of teaching, parenting, and/or learning yet.  I look forward to sharing more strategies this year, just as soon as my students teach me all of them!

Collage of I am awesome




thank you!

Posted by Faye Gonzalez

Your posts

Posted by Linda Hagood


Posted by Jonn

Megan's workshop

Posted by Charlotte Cushman

Perspective and Appreciation

Posted by Colleen Middleton

Megan is FULL of amazing

Posted by Kristi

Beautiful Example!

Posted by Kristina Manning


Posted by Erica Eswine

Posted on August 27, 2013
Updated on: February 7, 2018

Previous comments for Perspective Shift

Erica Eswine commented on August 31, 2013

Megan, thank you so much for sharing this! I will definitely keep this post in mind as I progress through my courses.


Kristina Manning commented on August 29, 2013

Megan, as always, you teach us all to humbly take IN communication from our students in every form and to respond--instead if trying to direct. I love the way you teach (I always have), and I share your philosophies and techniques on the road with teachers of deafblind students and other exceptional learners daily. (Just yesterday I was sharing your strategies for creating school-home journals for pre-linguistic learners.)

Frank John is awesome, and so are you.

Kristi commented on August 28, 2013

Megan is FULL of amazing ideas! Loved reading this post. :)

Colleen Middleton commented on August 28, 2013

Thank you for sharing an inspiring perspective on the Awesomeness of Frank John and other individuals who communicate differently than the standard norm. Would I be infringing on your copyright I included this article in our school newsletter? :)

Charlotte@Perkins commented on August 28, 2013

For those of you who are interested in learning more about Megan's ideas, join us for her 5-week workshop (online mini-course) on Augmentative Communication Strategies for Students with Visual Impairments and Additional Disabilities! 

For more information, see:

The 5-week workshop is scheduled to start on November 4, 2013.  Registration information will be available soon!


Jonn commented on August 28, 2013
Excellent article, and the Frank is quite the self-advocate!
Thanks for sharing,
Megan Mogan commented on August 28, 2013

Linda!  Your book is sort of like a Bible to me. I will be referencing it within the workshop.  I was just going to reference it for the entire workshop, but that would probably be cheating.  It would be an honor to learn with you.

Linda Hagood commented on August 28, 2013

I love your posts Megan! I see you are working on a 5 session workshop for Perkins this fall, and I hope to be able to take it.

Megan Mogan commented on August 27, 2013

Thanks Faye!  We really are totally lucky.   I look forward to reading your posts again this year.  I always have an "Aha" moment when I read them.

Faye Gonzalez commented on August 27, 2013

This post has me sitting here almost in tears in my office, due to the "awesome" connection you as the teacher has with such an great person as Frank John. Thank you for the wonderful reminder of how lucky we as teachers are to work with such amazing students each and every day. Sometimes we all need a heartfelt and enthusiastic reminder... Thank You!